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Emission pathways and mitigation options for achieving consumption-based climate targets in Sweden
Chalmers.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-3618-1259
Chalmers.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-7376-5499
Chalmers.
Chalmers.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-9138-1384
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2023 (English)In: Communications Earth & Environment, E-ISSN 2662-4435, Vol. 4, no 1, article id 342Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

National emission reduction targets under the Paris Agreement have a territorial focus, incentivizing mitigation actions domestically. Here we examine the theoretical basis for adopting complementary consumption-based net-zero emission targets and assess the consequences of adopting such proposed targets for Sweden. We apply scenario analyses based on a prospective lifecycle assessment framework. The framework is a hybrid of bottom-up simulations for passenger travel, construction and housing, and food, and top-down analyses for remaining consumption. In this work, we show how consumption-based climate targets may accentuate the need for new demand-side climate policies that contribute to reducing emissions along supply chains of products and services.

Our scenario analysis suggests that combining advanced mitigation technologies with behavioral changes could reduce emissions from 9.8 tons of carbon dioxide equivalents per capita in 2019 to between 2.7 and 4.8 tons by 2045 for Swedish residents, depending on global decarbonization pathways. Combining advanced mitigation technologies with behavioural changes could achieve the lowest carbon emissions per capita in Sweden, suggest scenario analyses combining bottom-up simulations for passenger travel, construction and housing, and food, and top-down analyses for remaining consumption.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: IVL Svenska Miljöinstitutet AB , 2023. Vol. 4, no 1, article id 342
Keywords [en]
climate change; mitigation; consumption-based climate targets; housing; construction; private consumtion; transportation; food
National Category
Energy Systems Other Earth and Related Environmental Sciences
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ivl:diva-4246DOI: 10.1038/s43247-023-01012-zLocal ID: A2662OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ivl-4246DiVA, id: diva2:1804055
Funder
Mistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research, Mistra Carbon ExitMistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research, Mistra Sustainable ConsumptionMistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research, Mistra Sustainable ConsumptionMistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research, Mistra Carbon ExitMistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research, Mistra Carbon ExitMistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research, Mistra Carbon ExitMistra - The Swedish Foundation for Strategic Environmental Research, Mistra Carbon ExitSwedish Energy Agency, P2022-01082Swedish Energy Agency, P2022-01082Swedish Energy Agency, P2022-01082Swedish Energy Agency, P2022-01082Swedish Energy Agency
Note

A-rapport, A2662.

Available from: 2023-10-11 Created: 2023-10-11 Last updated: 2023-10-11

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Morfeldt, JohannesLarsson, JörgenJohansson, Daniel J. A.Rootzén, JohanHult, Cecilia
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