IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute

ivl.se
Change search
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf
Life cycle assessment of railways and rail transports - Application in environmental product declarations (EPDs) for the Bothnia Line
IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
2010 (English)Report (Other academic)
Abstract [sv]

Environmental aspects are today highly important issues in the transport sector especially from a society perspective. Most likely, our society is facing considerable changes in the transport sector due to changes in the energy/environmental situation in the future. Strategic decisions concerning the development of the transport sector must be based on solid facts concerning both the transport infrastructure and the transport traffic on the infrastructure. The transport infrastructure is often complex and difficult to analyse but of great interest in a society perspective. In this project, we have performed a comprehensive view of a modern railway infrastructure system including the traffic on the infrastructure. A Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology has been used for the study and several LCA models of the railway system have been designed. Due to the complexity of the models, several general railway component models have been developed. The component models can then be integrated to form a large model of an entire railway system. The component models (sub-models) are: ' Railway track foundation model ' Railway track model ' Railway electric power and control system model ' Railway tunnel model ' Railway bridge model ' Railway passenger station and freight terminal model ' Passenger and freight train model including train operation The LCA models have then been used to analyse the environmental performance of the Bothnia Line and to develop Environmental Product Declarations (EPDs) for the Bothnia Line.

Abstract [en]

Environmental aspects are today highly important issues in the transport sector especially from a society perspective. Most likely, our society is facing considerable changes in the transport sector due to changes in the energy/environmental situation in the future. Strategic decisions concerning the development of the transport sector must be based on solid facts concerning both the transport infrastructure and the transport traffic on the infrastructure. The transport infrastructure is often complex and difficult to analyse but of great interest in a society perspective. In this project, we have performed a comprehensive view of a modern railway infrastructure system including the traffic on the infrastructure. A Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology has been used for the study and several LCA models of the railway system have been designed. Due to the complexity of the models, several general railway component models have been developed. The component models can then be integrated to form a large model of an entire railway system. The component models (sub-models) are: ' Railway track foundation model ' Railway track model ' Railway electric power and control system model ' Railway tunnel model ' Railway bridge model ' Railway passenger station and freight terminal model ' Passenger and freight train model including train operation The LCA models have then been used to analyse the environmental performance of the Bothnia Line and to develop Environmental Product Declarations (EPDs) for the Bothnia Line.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
IVL Svenska Miljöinstitutet, 2010.
Series
B report ; B1943
Keywords [sv]
Environment, Railway, Railroad, LCA, Life cycle assessment, Infrastructure, Tunnel, Bridge, EPD
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ivl:diva-2715OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ivl-2715DiVA, id: diva2:1552159
Available from: 2021-05-05 Created: 2021-05-05 Last updated: 2021-05-05Bibliographically approved

Open Access in DiVA

fulltext(2674 kB)202 downloads
File information
File name FULLTEXT01.pdfFile size 2674 kBChecksum SHA-512
a9aea5c876a36c3a05eb5bb32df2523f6edea3f92b2dc62aa1f9333779dbbf6e7d4082ad854b315949175b6ee957112ab1e4fcaa165d472399d4ecbd0ed1bd45
Type fulltextMimetype application/pdf

Search in DiVA

By author/editor
Stripple, Håkan
By organisation
IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute

Search outside of DiVA

GoogleGoogle Scholar
Total: 202 downloads
The number of downloads is the sum of all downloads of full texts. It may include eg previous versions that are now no longer available

urn-nbn

Altmetric score

urn-nbn
Total: 560 hits
CiteExportLink to record
Permanent link

Direct link
Cite
Citation style
  • apa
  • harvard1
  • ieee
  • modern-language-association-8th-edition
  • vancouver
  • Other style
More styles
Language
  • de-DE
  • en-GB
  • en-US
  • fi-FI
  • nn-NO
  • nn-NB
  • sv-SE
  • Other locale
More languages
Output format
  • html
  • text
  • asciidoc
  • rtf