IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute

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  • 1. Ingemarsdotter, Emilia
    et al.
    Diener, Derek
    Andersson, Simon
    Jonasson, Christian
    Mellquist, Ann-Charlotte
    Nyström, Thomas
    Jamsin, Ella
    Balkenende, Ruud
    Quantifying the Net Environmental Impact of Using IoT to Support Circular Strategies—The Case of Heavy-Duty Truck Tires in Sweden2021In: Circular Economy and Sustainability, 2021, Vol. 1, no 2, p. 613-650Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The idea of leveraging the Internet of Things (IoT) to support strategies in line with the circular economy (CE) has been gaining traction in literature. However, previous work has predominantly focused on the opportunities that these technologies can bring, and few studies have critically assessed the environmental viability of the proposed strategies. In this study, we assess the net environmental impact of IoT-enabled circular strategies in the specific case of truck tires in the Swedish context, in order to gain insight into when and how it makes environmental sense to embed IoT hardware into products to support circular strategies. We quantify (1) the potential environmental savings in the different life cycle phases made possible through access to sensor data, and (2) the environmental impact from the added technology needed to provide and process the data. Life cycle assessment (LCA) is used to evaluate the difference in impact between the current state and an ‘IoT scenario’. We find that the IoT scenario gives a 4% lower weighted life cycle impact than the current state. Through sensitivity analysis, we show that the conclusions are sensitive to assumptions made about the expected benefits of adding IoT, which depend on the technological context as well as the current and IoT-induced behavior of stakeholders along the product life cycle. The results are also sensitive to assumptions about the environmental impact of the IoT hardware components, implying that design decisions at this level can be important for ensuring a net environmental impact reduction from IoT-enabled circular strategies.

  • 2. Sanne, Jahan
    et al.
    Bjork, Anders
    Sahlberg, Bo
    Stripple, Hakan
    Designing a business model to reduce CO2emissions from construction machinery: Aligning business and environmental objectives2019In: International Journal of Construction Supply Chain Management, E-ISSN 1179-0776, Vol. 9, no 1, p. 1-19Article in journal (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    The   literature   on   sustainable   business   models   suggests   a   large   potential   for   radical environmental  benefits  in  many  industries  based  upon  current  technological opportunities. However, there is a lack of empirical knowledge on how to design, implement and spread such business models in complex value chains. Based on a qualitative exploratory study, a concept for sustainable business models to reduce carbon emission when using construction machinery has  been  developed  and  measures  needed  to implement  and  design  such  a  model  within  the construction  industry  is  identified.

    The  study  is  based  upon  interviews,  study  visits  and  a workshop,   with   participants  representing   all   important   actors   in   the   value-chain.   In conclusion,  business  and environmental  objectives  can  be  aligned  through  a  result-oriented business  model, supported  by  life-cycle  data,  contractual  incentives,  standardised  emission measures and driver visualization. The concept is generalisable to the greening of value chains beyond carbon reduction and also to other complex business to business value-chains.

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