IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute

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  • 1.
    Söderqvist, Johan
    et al.
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Hellquist, Gruv Stina
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Utveckling av hållbarhetskriterier för möbelbranschen2022Report (Refereed)
    Abstract [en]

    Möbelfakta is a sustainability label for furniture with regard to quality, environment and responsible supply chains. It is the leading labeling system for public procurement of furniture in Sweden and thus has a major impact on the sustainability requirements set within the public sector.In this report, we look at the importance of increased sustainability requirements from the outside world and future opportunities in digitization to create circular flows for furniture and exemplify how the furniture industry can meet this through the development of Möbelfakta's criteria.

    In the short term, Möbelfakta needs to deal with upcoming EU legislation regarding due diligence for human rights, the environment and society. It needs to be linked to market players' digital product catalogs and developed to put greater focus on circular processes. In order to establish more circular processes in the furniture industry, product information needs to accompany a product throughout its entire life cycle. The key to achieving this is digital information management to be able to create traceability when products change hands, are refurbished or become waste.In the medium term, Möbelfakta needs to embrace the various initiatives for the EU's green initiative. There, the digital product passport today appears to be the most important initiative in the broadening of the EU Ecodesign directive.

    It is important that Möbelfakta is one of the labels that can be used for furniture according to the EU's new taxonomy. The Substantiating Green Claims initiative is also directly relevant, while the Product Environmental Footprint (PEF) still lacks a direct connection to furniture. Here it looks like the development going forward continues to be the Environmental Product Declaration (EPD) for reporting climate performance.In the longer term, a global harmonization of the requirements for quality and the environment should be sought by e.g. taking into account the lifetime of products and hazards instead of prohibition lists. This can be done through dialogue with procuring authorities where the benefits should lie in more companies being able to meet requirements that are relevant to procurement and thereby increasing competition in the market. Since there are many stakeholders, this happens continuously in several steps in the short to long term.We also see a need for industry collaboration to establish a common standard for digital traceability. The major challenge for the industry is the many configurations that can be made on each product. This leads to the need for standardization of digital product information and the first step is to gather the furniture producers to make a joint decision about which way the industry should go.

    It will be important for the furniture industry to find the party in the industry who can lead and control the initial work of gathering the furniture producers.Of equal importance to the industry is that Möbelfakta's criteria can be used as a verification in public procurement. This means that an environmental label must be able to show that products or services in the label meet requirements set by an independent third party, that the requirements are constantly tightened and that they develop from a life cycle perspective. To meet this, a criteria council has been established for Möbelfakta.

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