IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute

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  • 1.
    Andersson, Johanna
    et al.
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Karlsson, Anja
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Utmaningar och möjligheter med levande väggar i ett svenskt klimat2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The interest in alternative green solutions in cities is increasing in Sweden due to increased urban densification. As cities become dense it is usually at the expense of green areas. Creating green infrastructure on buildings, for example with help from different types of green walls, is a way to solve this problem. Many benefits of green walls are highlighted by its proponents, including a positive impact on the environment and health. The newest addition among green walls is so called living walls where the root system grows on substrate in modules or other system placed on the facade. These differ from the more traditional green facades with plants that are planted in the soil and then grow vertically up the facade. It is only in recent years that living walls have been built in outdoor public places in Sweden and a lot of knowledge and experience are still missing concerning the process and organization to plan, build and maintain living walls in Sweden. This study presents the experiences of challenges and opportunities connected to the planning, implementation and maintenance of living walls in a Swedish climate. Interviews with stakeholders involved in five existing Swedish living wall projects have been included in the study together with a literature review. The result of the study indicates a number of challenges and opportunities in connection to living walls in a Swedish climate based on six general areas - technology, plants, organizational and regulatory framework, knowledge and experience, finance, and operation and maintenance. Among other things, a lack of knowledge and experience of living walls is identified, both among the public and potential new customers as well as in the industry, which impedes with the development of living walls in Sweden. More good examples and increased dissemination of the knowledge and experience from existing living wall projects is requested. Meanwhile, it is already possible to see a positive trend with an increasing number living walls in Sweden where the knowledge and experience is increasing with each new project. This study also shows the importance of good cooperation and communication between the stakeholders involved, where especially the organization that is responsible for maintenance plays a very important role for the survival of a living wall. Experiences show that close cooperation, at an early stage of planning, between those who put up the wall and those who will later be responsible for maintenance gives a better end result, while the non-existent collaboration is regarded as a considerable obstacle for the later maintenance. More challenges include the management of advanced irrigation systems, plant survival during the winter and a high investment cost. This report is only available in Swedish.

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  • 2.
    Andersson, Johanna
    et al.
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Karlsson, Anja
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Utmaningar och möjligheter med levande väggar i ett svenskt klimat2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report is only available in Swedish.

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  • 3.
    Buhr, Katarina
    et al.
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Stigson, Peter
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Karlsson, Anja
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Roth, Susanna
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Comparisons of the Copenhagen Pledges - Analyses for Climate Change Professionals2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This synthesis report summarizes the results from the project "Comparing National Initiatives in an International Fragmented Climate Regime" (CompNat) that was carried out 2010–2012. The project aimed to analyze and compare the non-binding national pledges for climate change mitigation up until 2020, submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) as a response to the Copenhagen Accord. The report aims to provide an overview of the research within the project. The target group is climate change professionals who already have basic knowledge about the "Copenhagen pledges", including negotiators, policymakers, industry representatives and researchers. The report can be read from the beginning to the end, or be used for quicker look-ups. Several project results have also been reported separately in other forum, including scientific journals, reports and seminars. However, some recent and more demarcated analyses are presented here for the first time. The project was funded by the Swedish Energy Agency and led by IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.

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  • 4.
    Karlsson, Anja
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Assessment of the suitability of different Urban Living Labs methods for modernisation and social upgrading actions2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Urban Living Labs are development environments that integrate residents and other stakeholders to develop and test new solutions in their daily life. The users of the new services or solutions are active partners in the whole development process, which happens in the real urban context. Urban Living Labs utilize various co-design methods for understanding the needs, generating solution ideas, presenting ideas and evaluating the solutions in practice. In addition, citizen participation methods are used for participation in decision making and taking action.

    This report presents the Urban Living Lab methods used in the project. The aims, set-up and outcome of the methods are presented and suitability of the methods for the modernisation and social upgrading actions in the project is discussed. This report focuses, however, on the participatory methods separately. A more detailed evaluation and analysis of the living lab approach, its suitability and impacts, including also the utilisation and suitability of the used participatory methods as a part of it, is presented in project report 4.1/4.2 Evaluation of the Urban Living Labs in Alby and Peltosaari. The methods that were most used for involving stakeholders in the Urban Living Lab activities of this project were interviews, questionnaires and workshops (face-to-face). This was due to the characteristics of the planned activities and the target groups to be engaged. For example in Peltosaari, the initial interviews indicated that the residents will probably not be well reached via online methods. This preconception was further strengthened by the resident questionnaire results. The social media tools and the events arranged for school children were introduced during the project and they seemed promising in reaching new groups of residents but it is too early to assess their influence on engaging people into participatory activities.

    The expectations of the outcome of the methods were in most cases met. Even when the number of participants was smaller than aimed at, it usually turned out that the result was nevertheless good. A great concern is representativeness of the involved group in cases where it is essential. The emphasis on the participatory activities in the ULLs of this study was on “Understanding people and issues” and “Generating ideas” which is reflected by the selected methods. A drawback of the traditional methods (e.g. workshops, interviews) is that they are quite laborious to set up. New methods and approaches should be further developed, explored and trialled with but that is impeded by the practical constraints: There’s less risks in utilising methods that a facilitator has earlier experience on and it is easier to estimate the needed resources. Also, participants are often more comfortable to participate in methods that are already familiar to them. If a new method fails when participants have been recruited, the chance for involving them may be completely lost.

    Based on the experiences from the study, the following topics for further research and development related to ULL methods were highlighted: - Enabling effortless interaction in development activities through embedded technology solutions - Approaches for engaging people who are not used to participation and those who are in risk of segregation - Potential differences resulting from using online- and face-to-face -methods

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  • 5.
    Karlsson, Anja
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Boundary conditions for successful Urban Living Labs2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Urban Living Labs are development environments that integrate residents and other stakeholders to develop and test new solutions in their daily life. The users of the new services or solutions are active partners in the whole development process, which happens in the real urban context. Urban Living Labs utilize various co-design methods for understanding the needs, generating solution ideas, presenting ideas and evaluating the solutions in practice. In addition, citizen participation methods are used for participation in decision making and taking action.

    Key success factors for Urban Living Labs are the early and continuous involvement of the affected people, clear goals and expectations, and acting instead of discussing. The methods must be adapted to the goals and participants. At its best, people can participate in the Urban Living Lab activities as a part of their other activities and see the effects of their participation shortly afterwards.

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  • 6.
    Karlsson, Anja
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Establishment and implementation of Urban Living Labs in Alby and Peltosaari2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Across Europe, some 200 million people live in suburban areas in great need of modernisation and social uplifting. The SubUrbanLab project (2013-2016) aims to examine how these areas can be modernised and socially uplifted together with the residents and other stakeholders in order to turn them into more attractive, sustainable and economically viable urban areas. To do this, the project has developed and set up so called Urban Living Labs (ULL), i.e. arenas for innovation and dialogue that focus on solving challenges in the urban area by involving residents and other stakeholders, in connection to needed modernization actions in two suburbs, one in Sweden (Alby in Botkyrka municipality) and one in Finland (Peltosaari in the City of Riihimäki).

    In Alby, three ULL have been established and implemented in connection to needed modernization actions. The first ULL “Shape your world” focused on involving youth in urban gardening in order to increase their knowledge about gardening and sustainability while renewing the urban environment. The second ULL “New light on Alby Hill” examined how to use new LED-technology and involve residents in order to turn a passage way for pedestrians in Alby, currently perceived as unsafe, into a more attractive and frequently used passage way. In the last ULL “Vacant Space Alby” ideas for temporary activities for a 9000 m2 vacant space in Alby Centre have been developed together with residents and other stakeholders. Three ULLs have also been established and implemented in Peltosaari. The first ULL “Energetic co-operation” focused on improving energy-efficiency of the rental buildings together with the housing company and the residents through technological solutions and increasing awareness. The second ULL “Sustainable decisions” involved municipal decision-makers and officials in developing preparation for decisions and communication related to energy efficiency and sustainability of building and renovation investments, in order to better take into account the agreements and sustainability goals of the city in decision making. In the third ULL “Together more” the focus has been on creating and supporting establishment of free or low-cost leisure activities in the area together with the residents and the established associations in the area, to increase communal feeling and attractiveness of the area.

    This report presents establishment and implementation process of the six Urban Living Labs carried out in Alby and Peltosaari, and is a continuation of the report D 3.1 & D 3.2 Selection of Urban Living Labs in Alby and Peltosaari. The lessons learnt in setting up the Urban Living Labs and results of the evaluations will be reported in D 4.1 & 4.2 Evaluation of the Urban Living Labs in Alby and Peltosaari. The report is targeted for stakeholders interested in establishing Urban Living Labs, such as municipalities, housing companies and researchers that aim at involving different stakeholders in different kinds of development projects in the urban context. The report should also be interesting for researchers developing and utilising Urban Living Lab methodologies.

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  • 7.
    Karlsson, Anja
    et al.
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Buhr, Katarina
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Evaluation of the Urban Living Labs in Alby and Peltosaari2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Across Europe, some 200 million people live in suburbs in great need of modernization and social uplifting. The JPI Urban Europe SubUrbanLab project (2013-2016) has examined how these suburbs can be modernized and socially uplifted together with the residents and other stakeholders. The project developed and set up six Urban Living Labs (ULLs): three in Alby, Sweden and three in Peltosaari, Finland. These ULLs were arenas for co-creation of innovative urban solutions: a means to develop new forms of experiences on involving the residents and stakeholders into development in an urban context. The long-term goal is to turn these suburbs into more attractive, sustainable and economically viable urban areas.

    This report presents the evaluation of the six Urban Living Labs with regard to their impact on sustainability in Alby and Peltosaari. The report also discusses how well each ULL has lived up to the project definition of an Urban Living Lab. The evaluations show that the impact on sustainability has been varied. Evaluations focused particularly on the social dimension of sustainability, in line with the ULLs themselves, although it covers the environmental and economic dimension as well. Since the ULLs have been small-scale, contribution to sustainability has also been small-scale However, if the ULLs were to be developed further and up-scaled to other suburbs, the ULLs have the potential for a more significant impact on sustainability, both short-term and long-term.

    The evaluations further reveal that the ULLs have lived up to the project definition to different degrees. Some joint challenges with the ULL approach can be identified. For example, most of the ULLs struggled with the involvement of users and stakeholder, especially in the earlier phases of developing and planning the ULL. Although the ULLs have integrated a variety of stakeholders and organizations in the co-development of new solutions and ideas, few lived up to the feature of having the users of the developed solutions and ideas as active partners during the entire processes. The development and planning process of the ULL integrated to a larger extent stakeholders (other than users) while users were more involved in the implementation and evaluation process. It should be noted that, although ideal, it is often not practically possible (or motivated) to include all relevant users and stakeholders in all stages of an ULL. For example, it can difficult to know beforehand who are the most relevant users and stakeholders but also, as evident in SubUrbanLab, difficult to get a long-term commitment to the ULL already from the start. However, one can raise the question if the Alby and Peltosaari ULLs would have had developed differently if it were possible to engage more users and stakeholders at an earlier stage in the process.

    Other conclusions and lessons learned include a request of development of evaluation approaches to evaluate social sustainability and demonstrating cost effectiveness of an ULL and an understanding of the impact of the decision-making structures of public sector on the ULL process and function. The presented results are primarily of interest for stakeholders interested in developing and establishing Urban Living Labs, as well as researchers on Urban Living Lab approach and other participatory approaches.

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  • 8.
    Karlsson, Anja
    et al.
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Holm, Daniel
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Common barriers and challenges in current nZEB practice in Europe2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report is only available in English.

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  • 9.
    Karlsson, Anja
    et al.
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Kildsgaard, Ivana
    Multi-stakeholder dialogue on green urban climate adaptation2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    AA

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  • 10.
    Karlsson, Anja
    et al.
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Roth, Susanna
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Nytt ljus på Albyberget2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    I denna rapport utvärderas projektet ”Nytt ljus på Albyberget”, som fokuserar på hur omfältsljus och ljusinstallationer med hjälp av ny LED-teknik kan användas för att ge en energieffektivare gatubelysning som upplevs tryggare och mer attraktiv. Projektet genomfördes på en gångväg på Albyberget, en plats som många boende i området upplever som otrygg. Genomgående för projektet är att deltagande och lärande utvärdering varit en central del och projektet har genomförts genom ett så kallat Urban Living Lab. ”Nytt ljus på Albyberget” är ett av tre Urban Living Lab som har genomförts i Alby inom projektet SubUrbanLab.

    Syftet med denna rapport är att redogöra för utvärderingen av ”Nytt ljus på Albyberget” med fokus på uppföljningen av projektets uppsatta mål. Målen var att skapa en ökad känsla av trygghet i området kring gångvägen; skapa en mer energieffektiv och attraktiv gatubelysning med hjälp av LED-teknik och omfältsljus; och att öppna upp för mer deltagande bland Albyborna och andra intressenter, bland annat i syfte att främja framtida dialogprocesser. Metoder som använts för utvärdering av målen har varit enkätundersökning, test i fält, utvärdering av energibesparing och löpande dokumentation. IVL Svenska Miljöinstitutet har som projektets forskningspart varit huvudansvariga för utvärderingen av projektet.

    This report is only available in Swedish. English summary is available in the report.

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  • 11.
    Karlsson, Anja
    et al.
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Roth, Susanna
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Buhr, Katarina
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Dialog för hållbar stadsutveckling2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att involvera medborgare, slutanvändare och intressenter i frågor som rör hållbar stadsutveckling har blivit en allt viktigare fråga under 2000-talet, både i Sverige och internationellt. I oktober 2015 samlades världens länder i New York för att anta 17 nya hållbarhetsmål, Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) (FN, 2015). Ett av målen handlar om att städer och samhällen ska vara hållbara, inkluderande och säkra. I ett av delmålen poängteras att det till 2030 behövs bättre inkludering av stadens invånare och en ökad kapacitet för deltagande, integrering och hållbar planering i alla världens länder.

    IVL har kompetens inom många miljö- och hållbarhetsfrågor med relevans för stadutveckling, exempelvis energi, klimat, byggande, inomhusmiljö och sociala frågor. I den här rapporten ger vi en kort kunskapsöversikt i hur deltagande kan användas i olika projekt som rör hållbar stadsutveckling, vilken nytta det kan ge och vilka utmaningarna är.

    This report is only available in Swedish.

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  • 12.
    Karlsson, Anja
    et al.
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Thörn, Philip
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Selection of Urban Living Labs in Alby and Peltosaari2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Across Europe, some 200 million people live in suburban areas in great need of modernisation and social uplifting. The SubUrbanLab project (2013-2016) aims to examine how these areas can be modernised and socially uplifted together with the residents and other stakeholders in order to turn them into more attractive, sustainable and economically viable urban areas. To do this, the project will develop and set up so called Urban Living Labs (ULL), i.e. arenas for innovation and dialogue that focuses on solving challenges in the urban area by involving residents and other stakeholders, in connection to needed modernization actions in two suburbs, one in Sweden (Alby in Botkyrka municipality) and one in Finland (Peltosaari in the City of Riihimäki).

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  • 13.
    Karlsson, Anja
    et al.
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Thörn, Philip
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Urban Living Labs2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Across Europe, some 200 million people live in suburbs in great need of modernization and social uplifting. The SubUrbanLab project (2014-2016) examined how these suburbs can be modernized and socially uplifted together with the residents and other stakeholders. The goal was to turn the suburbs into more attractive, sustainable and economically viable urban areas.

    The project developed and set up six Urban Living Labs (ULLs): three in Alby, Sweden and three in Peltosaari, Finland. These ULLs were arenas for co-creation of innovative urban solutions and a means to develop new forms of experiences on involving the residents and stakeholders into development in an urban context.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 14.
    Karlsson, Anja
    et al.
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Westerberg, Ida
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Green tools for urban climate adaptation - GreenClimeAdapt2014Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report is only available in Engliish.

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  • 15.
    Thörn, Philip
    et al.
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Liljeberg, Marcus
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Roth, Susanna
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Karlsson, Anja
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Översiktlig klimat- och sårbarhetsanalys Haninge kommun2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    IVL Svenska Miljöinstitutet har genomfört en Översiktlig klimat- och sårbarhetsanalys av Haninge kommun. Syftet med uppdraget var att undersöka hur klimatförändringar kommer att påverka Haninge kommuns geografiska område, hur Haninge kommun bör planera för att undvika ökad sårbarhet samt föreslå anpassningsåtgärder. Resultaten visar att kommunen i stor grad kommer att påverkas av klimatförändringar. Till exempel kommer områden längs med kusten och i skärgården att riskera översvämmas på grund av höjda havsvattennivåer, och risken för lokala översvämningar till följd av intensiva och långvariga regn kommer att öka. Även risken för skador på kommunikationer och infrastruktur kommer att öka. Haninge kommun bör vidta eller verka för att ansvariga myndigheter vidtar anpassningsåtgärder för att minska sårbarheten för klimatförändringar.   

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