IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute

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  • 1.
    Buhr, Katarina
    et al.
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Buhr, Helena
    U.S. corporations’ climate change strategies in response to foreign and domestic regulation. Unintended consequences of regulatory plurality2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This report examines how domestic and foreign regulations interact to shape corporate strategies to address climate change. We expect that heightened attention and uncertainty encourage firms to use low commitment strategies that signal involvement in an issue, but discourage high commitment strategies which can expose firms to higher levels of   external accountability. Analyzing climate change strategies of U.S. corporations, we find support for the idea that firms with both domestic and foreign regulation experience are less likely to develop emission reduction plans (high commitment strategy) than firms with sole experience from one of the two contexts. Thus, passivity can be an unintended consequence of multiple regulatory initiatives.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 2.
    Buhr, Katarina
    et al.
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Roth, Susanna
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Friman, Mathias
    Kristoferson, Kerstin
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Klimatlöftena efter Köpenhamn. Nationella utsläppsmål och handlingsplaner som grund för ett nytt klimatavtal2011Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    När Kyotoprotokollets första åtagandeperiod löper ut år 2012 står världen utan ett globalt avtal som syftar till att minska utsläppen av växthusgaser. Klimatmötet i Köpenhamn blev omskrivet som ett misslyckande då parterna inte lyckades enas om ett gemensamt klimatavtal för perioden efter 2012 som specificerar hur den globala uppvärmningen ska begränsas till +2°C. Däremot är det mindre känt att Köpenhamnsmötet också blev en milstolpe för möjliga framsteg i det parallella förhandlingsspår med fokus på långsiktigt samarbete, som har funnits med i dialogform i FN:s klimatförhandlingar sedan år 2005.I rapporten erbjuds en översikt över Köpenhamnslöftena baserad på aktuell forskning. Vilka olika slags löften har länderna angett och vad innebär de? Är dessa löften tillräckliga för att begränsa den globala uppvärmningen till +2°C och hur kan de komma att påverka samhällsekonomin?

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  • 3.
    Buhr, Katarina
    et al.
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Stigson, Peter
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Karlsson, Anja
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Roth, Susanna
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Comparisons of the Copenhagen Pledges - Analyses for Climate Change Professionals2012Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    This synthesis report summarizes the results from the project "Comparing National Initiatives in an International Fragmented Climate Regime" (CompNat) that was carried out 2010–2012. The project aimed to analyze and compare the non-binding national pledges for climate change mitigation up until 2020, submitted to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) as a response to the Copenhagen Accord. The report aims to provide an overview of the research within the project. The target group is climate change professionals who already have basic knowledge about the "Copenhagen pledges", including negotiators, policymakers, industry representatives and researchers. The report can be read from the beginning to the end, or be used for quicker look-ups. Several project results have also been reported separately in other forum, including scientific journals, reports and seminars. However, some recent and more demarcated analyses are presented here for the first time. The project was funded by the Swedish Energy Agency and led by IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.

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  • 4.
    Karlsson, Anja
    et al.
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Buhr, Katarina
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Evaluation of the Urban Living Labs in Alby and Peltosaari2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Across Europe, some 200 million people live in suburbs in great need of modernization and social uplifting. The JPI Urban Europe SubUrbanLab project (2013-2016) has examined how these suburbs can be modernized and socially uplifted together with the residents and other stakeholders. The project developed and set up six Urban Living Labs (ULLs): three in Alby, Sweden and three in Peltosaari, Finland. These ULLs were arenas for co-creation of innovative urban solutions: a means to develop new forms of experiences on involving the residents and stakeholders into development in an urban context. The long-term goal is to turn these suburbs into more attractive, sustainable and economically viable urban areas.

    This report presents the evaluation of the six Urban Living Labs with regard to their impact on sustainability in Alby and Peltosaari. The report also discusses how well each ULL has lived up to the project definition of an Urban Living Lab. The evaluations show that the impact on sustainability has been varied. Evaluations focused particularly on the social dimension of sustainability, in line with the ULLs themselves, although it covers the environmental and economic dimension as well. Since the ULLs have been small-scale, contribution to sustainability has also been small-scale However, if the ULLs were to be developed further and up-scaled to other suburbs, the ULLs have the potential for a more significant impact on sustainability, both short-term and long-term.

    The evaluations further reveal that the ULLs have lived up to the project definition to different degrees. Some joint challenges with the ULL approach can be identified. For example, most of the ULLs struggled with the involvement of users and stakeholder, especially in the earlier phases of developing and planning the ULL. Although the ULLs have integrated a variety of stakeholders and organizations in the co-development of new solutions and ideas, few lived up to the feature of having the users of the developed solutions and ideas as active partners during the entire processes. The development and planning process of the ULL integrated to a larger extent stakeholders (other than users) while users were more involved in the implementation and evaluation process. It should be noted that, although ideal, it is often not practically possible (or motivated) to include all relevant users and stakeholders in all stages of an ULL. For example, it can difficult to know beforehand who are the most relevant users and stakeholders but also, as evident in SubUrbanLab, difficult to get a long-term commitment to the ULL already from the start. However, one can raise the question if the Alby and Peltosaari ULLs would have had developed differently if it were possible to engage more users and stakeholders at an earlier stage in the process.

    Other conclusions and lessons learned include a request of development of evaluation approaches to evaluate social sustainability and demonstrating cost effectiveness of an ULL and an understanding of the impact of the decision-making structures of public sector on the ULL process and function. The presented results are primarily of interest for stakeholders interested in developing and establishing Urban Living Labs, as well as researchers on Urban Living Lab approach and other participatory approaches.

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  • 5.
    Karlsson, Anja
    et al.
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Roth, Susanna
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Buhr, Katarina
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Dialog för hållbar stadsutveckling2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Att involvera medborgare, slutanvändare och intressenter i frågor som rör hållbar stadsutveckling har blivit en allt viktigare fråga under 2000-talet, både i Sverige och internationellt. I oktober 2015 samlades världens länder i New York för att anta 17 nya hållbarhetsmål, Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) (FN, 2015). Ett av målen handlar om att städer och samhällen ska vara hållbara, inkluderande och säkra. I ett av delmålen poängteras att det till 2030 behövs bättre inkludering av stadens invånare och en ökad kapacitet för deltagande, integrering och hållbar planering i alla världens länder.

    IVL har kompetens inom många miljö- och hållbarhetsfrågor med relevans för stadutveckling, exempelvis energi, klimat, byggande, inomhusmiljö och sociala frågor. I den här rapporten ger vi en kort kunskapsöversikt i hur deltagande kan användas i olika projekt som rör hållbar stadsutveckling, vilken nytta det kan ge och vilka utmaningarna är.

    This report is only available in Swedish.

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  • 6.
    Munthe, John
    et al.
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Buhr, Katarina
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Gustafsson, Mathias
    Staffas, Louise
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Thörn, Philip
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Vår Värld 2034 - Syntesrapport2013Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [sv]

    Projektet Vår Värld 2034 har varit inriktat på en dialog om Sveriges roll i en hållbar framtid med ett hållbart nyttjande av naturresurser och en global välfärd. Fokus har legat på att diskutera vilka mer konkreta mål vi behöver sätta upp och genomföra senast år 2034 för att kunna nå visionen 2050. Projektets övergripande rekommendation är att vi behöver en nationell strategisk dialog om en omställning till en hållbar framtid, vad omställningen innebär för det svenska samhället, vilka möjligheter som näringslivet har att utvecklas och hur politiken ska utformas för att nå de uppsatta målen. Dialogen bör vara öppen och offentlig och ske mellan näringsliv, politiker, forskarsamhället och intresseorganisationer. En bred förankring i alla samhällssektorer är nödvändig för att undvika ställningstaganden som syftar att framhäva enskilda aktörer (partier, företag, branscher eller organisationer). Dialogen bör dels föras på en övergripande nivå med förankring på hög nivå i samhället, dels på en mer praktisk och tillämpad nivå till exempel branschvis eller i leverantörskedjor.

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1 - 6 of 6
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