IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute

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  • 1.
    Danielsson, Lina
    et al.
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Rydberg, Tomas
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Nilsson, Åsa
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    EcoWater report - Comparing water footprint methods: The importance of a life cycle approach in assesing water footprint2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    Today many people are suffering because of water scarcity, and still, water scarcity is supposed to be a growing problem. Water footprint is a tool developed to assess impact related to water use and consider both water consumption and degradation. This study aims to compare two such water footprint methods, the H2Oe-method and the WFN method, and identify the different hotspots for water use in a supply chain at Volvo Trucks. The overall result of the first method, the H2Oe-method, was 2.6 Mm³ H2Oe while the result for the second method, the WFN-method, was 13.1 Mm3. The largest contribution to water footprint for the first method was the degradative part, mainly from the background process of a precipitation chemical. The second method had the largest contribution from water consumption in the use electricity. The results show the importance of a life cycle perspective when calculating water footprint and the difficulties to compare water footprint calculated with different methods. This report is only available in English.

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  • 2.
    Ekvall, Tomas
    et al.
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Martin, Michael
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Palm, David
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Danielsson, Lina
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Fråne, Anna
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Laurenti, Rafael
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Oliveira, Felipe
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Physical and environmental assessment2016Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    The project DYNAMIX aims to identify and assess dynamic and robust policy mixes to shift the European Union (EU) onto a pathway to absolute decoupling of long-term economic growth from resource use and environmental impacts and to a sustainable future. To support this objective we established the following five targets for the year 2050: * Reduce the consumption of virgin metals by 80% * Limit greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions to 2 tonnes of CO2 equivalent per capita per year * Eliminate net demand of non-EU arable land * Reduce nitrogen and phosphorus surpluses in the EU to levels that can be achieved by the best available techniques * Eliminate water stress in the EU

    Our results indicate that R&D, changes in diets and feebate systems have a large potential for resource efficiency and/or environmental improvements. We carried through a material pinch analysis to estimate how improved car dismantling can increase actual copper recycling and the maximum recycling of steel in the very long term. We assumed that an improved dismantling process can reduce the copper content in the steel scrap from cars by 75%. If such improved car dismantling is applied globally, the increase in copper recycling corresponds to 5-10% of the current use of virgin metals in the EU. Our results indicate that the long-term increase in maximum steel recycling is in the same order of magnitude. Spending on R&D on improved car dismantling alone could potentially give noticeable contributions to reducing the dependency on extraction of metal ores.

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    FULLTEXT01
  • 3.
    Martin, Michael
    et al.
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Danielsson, Lina
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Ekvall, Tomas
    IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute.
    Environmental Implications of Dynamic Policies on Food Consumption and Waste Handling in the European Union2015Report (Other academic)
    Abstract [en]

    No summary is available. Download the proceeding below.

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    FULLTEXT01
1 - 3 of 3
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