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Biodiesel from Bark and Black Liquor—A Techno-Economic, Social, and Environmental Assessment
Department of Mechanics and Maritime Sciences, Maritime Environmental Sciences, Chalmers University of Technology, Hörselgången 4, 412 96 Gothenburg, Sweden;IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Aschebergsgatan 44, 411 33 Gothenburg, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-8071-2213
IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Valhallavägen 81, 114 28 Stockholm, Sweden.
IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Valhallavägen 81, 114 28 Stockholm, Sweden.ORCID iD: 0000-0002-4321-6894
IVL Swedish Environmental Research Institute, Valhallavägen 81, 114 28 Stockholm, Sweden.
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2023 (English)In: Energies, E-ISSN 1996-1073, Vol. 17, no 1, p. 99-99Article in journal (Refereed) Published
Abstract [en]

A techno-economic assessment and environmental and social sustainability assessments ofnovel Fischer–Tropsch (FT) biodiesel production from the wet and dry gasification of biomass-based residue streams (bark and black liquor from pulp production) for transport applications are presented. A typical French kraft pulp mill serves as the reference case and large-scale biofuel-production-process integration is explored. Relatively low greenhouse gas emission levels can be obtained for the FT biodiesel (total span: 16–83 g CO2eq/MJ in the assessed EU countries). Actual process configuration and low-carbon electricity are critical for overall performance.

The site-specific social assessment indicates an overall positive social effect for local community, value chain actors, and society. Important social aspects include (i) job creation potential, (ii) economic development through job creation and new business opportunities, and (iii) health and safety for workers. For social risks, the country of implementation is important. Heat and electricity use are the key contributors to social impacts.The estimated production cost for biobased crude oil is about 13 €/GJ, and it is 14 €/GJ (0.47 €/L or50 €/MWh) for the FT biodiesel. However, there are uncertainties, i.e., due to the low technologyreadiness level of the gasification technologies, especially wet gasification. However, the studiedconcept may provide substantial GHG reduction compared to fossil diesel at a relatively low cost.

Place, publisher, year, edition, pages
Göteborg: IVL Svenska Miljöinstitutet, 2023. Vol. 17, no 1, p. 99-99
Keywords [en]
biofuel; gasification; pulp; bark; black liquor; techno-economic assessment; life cycle assessment; social impacts; Fischer–Tropsch diesel
National Category
Environmental Sciences Energy Engineering Bioenergy Renewable Bioenergy Research Energy Systems
Identifiers
URN: urn:nbn:se:ivl:diva-4306DOI: 10.3390/en17010099Local ID: A2676OAI: oai:DiVA.org:ivl-4306DiVA, id: diva2:1829212
Funder
European Commission, N.818011
Note

A-rapport,A2676.

Available from: 2024-01-18 Created: 2024-01-18 Last updated: 2024-01-18

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Hansson, JuliaKlugman, SofiaLönnqvist, TomasElginoz, NilayHasselberg, PavineeHedman, FredrikSafarian, SaharTjus, Kåre
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