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  • 1. Creutzig, Felix
    et al.
    Callaghan, Max
    Ramakrishnan, Anjali
    Javaid, Aneeque
    Niamir, Leila
    Minx, Jan
    Müller-Hansen, Finn
    Sovacool, Benjamin
    Afroz, Zakia
    Andor, Mark
    Antal, Miklos
    Court, Victor
    Das, Nandini
    Díaz-José, Julio
    Döbbe, Friederike
    Figueroa, Maria J
    Gouldson, Andrew
    Haberl, Helmut
    Hook, Andrew
    Ivanova, Diana
    Lamb, William F
    Maïzi, Nadia
    Mata, Érika
    Nielsen, Kristian S
    Onyige, Chioma Daisy
    Reisch, Lucia A
    Roy, Joyashree
    Scheelbeek, Pauline
    Sethi, Mahendra
    Some, Shreya
    Sorrell, Steven
    Tessier, Mathilde
    Urmee, Tania
    Virág, Doris
    Wan, Can
    Wiedenhofer, Dominik
    Wilson, Charlie
    Reviewing the scope and thematic focus of 100 000 publications on energy consumption, services and social aspects of climate change: a big data approach to demand-side mitigation *2021Ingår i: Environmental Research Letters, E-ISSN 1748-9326, Vol. 16, nr 3, s. 033001-033001Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
  • 2.
    Mata, Erika
    et al.
    IVL Svenska Miljöinstitutet.
    Ottosson, Jonas
    IVL Svenska Miljöinstitutet.
    Nilsson, Johanna
    IVL Svenska Miljöinstitutet.
    A review of flexibility of residential electricity demand as climate solution in four EU countries2020Ingår i: Environmental Research Letters, E-ISSN 1748-9326Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Increased flexibility at the grid edge is required to achieve ambitious climate goals and can be provided by smart energy solutions. By systematically reviewing the literature, we provide an overview of the potential flexibility of different residential electrical loads for France, Germany, Sweden, and the United Kingdom. While 85% of the studies aimed to identify potentials for shifting electrical energy use in time, the other 15% aimed to identify energy-saving potentials. Most of the data were found for the German and British electrical systems. A wide range of flexibility measures (e.g., price mechanisms, user-centered control strategies for space heating and water heating, automated shifting of appliances' use, EV charging algorithms, and consumer feedback) and methods (e.g., simulations, trials, and interviews) have been used. Potentials obtained from the literature have been upscaled to the national level, including corresponding effects in terms of carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions. The results show that between 2% and 18% of residential sector electricity in the four countries could be shifted, resulting in total emission reductions of 10 MtCO2 from peak shaving, or 24 MtCO2 per year if optimizing the deployment of renewables. The literature identifies substantial economic, technical, and behavioral benefits from implementing flexibility measures. In all the cases, it seems that the current regulatory framework would need to change to facilitate participation. Recognized risks include higher peaks and congestions in low price-hours and difficulties in designing electricity tariffs because of conflicts with CO2 intensity as well as potential instability in the entire electricity system caused by tariffs coupling to wholesale electricity pricing.

  • 3.
    Mata, Erika
    et al.
    IVL Svenska Miljöinstitutet.
    Wang, Rui
    IVL Svenska Miljöinstitutet.
    K. Korpal, A
    H. Cheng, S
    P Jiménez Navarro, J
    Filippidou, F
    Reyna, J
    A map of roadmaps for zero and low energy and carbon buildings worldwide2020Ingår i: Environmental Research Letters, E-ISSN 1748-9326, Vol. 15, nr 11Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    Formulation of targets and establishing which factors in different contexts will achieve these targets are critical to successful decarbonization of the building sector. To contribute to this, we have performed an evidence map of roadmaps for zero and low energy and carbon buildings (ZLECB) worldwide, including a list and classification of documents in an on-line geographical map, a description of gaps, and a narrative review of the knowledge gluts. We have retrieved 1219 scientific documents from Scopus, extracted metadata from 274 documents, and identified 117 roadmaps, policies or plans from 27 countries worldwide. We find that there is a coverage bias towards more developed regions. The identified scientific studies are mostly recommendations to policy makers, different types of case studies, and demonstration projects. The geographical inequalities found in the coverage of the scientific literature are even more extreme in the coverage of the roadmaps. These underexplored world regions represent an area for further investigation and increased research/policy attention. Our review of the more substantial amount of literature and roadmaps for developed regions shows differences in target metrics and enforcement mechanisms but that all regions dedicate some efforts at national and local levels. Roadmaps generally focus more on new and public buildings than existing buildings, despite the fact that the latter are naturally larger in number and total floor area, and perform less energy efficiently. A combination of efficiency, technical upgrades, and renewable generation is generally proposed in the roadmaps, with behavioral measures only reflected in the use of information and communication technologies, and minimal focus being placed on lifecycle perspectives. We conclude that insufficient progress is being made in the implementation of ZLECB. More work is needed to couple the existing climate goals, with realistic, enforceable policies to make the carbon savings a reality for different contexts and stakeholders worldwide.

  • 4.
    Sandin Albertsson, Gustav
    et al.
    IVL Svenska Miljöinstitutet.
    Bjoern, Anders
    Chandrakumar, Chanjief
    Boulay, Anne-Marie
    Doka, Gabor
    Fang, Kai
    Gondran, Natacha
    Zwicky Hauschild, Michael
    Kerkhof, Annemarie
    King, Henry
    Margni, Manuele
    McLaren, Sarah
    Mueller, Carina
    Owsianiak, Mikolaj
    Peters, Greg
    Roos, Sandra
    Sala, Serenella
    Sim, Sarah
    Vargas-Gonzalez, Marcial
    Ryberg, Morten
    Review of life-cycle based methods for absolute environmental sustainability assessment and their applications2020Ingår i: Environmental Research Letters, E-ISSN 1748-9326Artikel i tidskrift (Refereegranskat)
    Abstract [en]

    In many regions and at the planetary scale, human pressures on the environment exceed levels that natural systems can sustain. These pressures are caused by networks of human activities, which often extend across countries and continents due to global trade. This has led to an increasing requirement for methods that enable absolute environmental sustainability assessment (AESA) of anthropogenic systems and which have a basis in life cycle assessment (LCA). Such methods enable the comparison of environmental impacts of products, companies, nations, etc., with an assigned share of environmental carrying capacity for various impact categories. This study is the first systematic review of LCA-based AESA methods and their applications. After developing a framework for LCA-based AESA methods, we identified 45 relevant studies in the existing literature through an initial survey, database searches and citation analysis. We characterized these studies according to their intended application, impact categories, basis of carrying capacity estimates, spatial differentiation of environmental model and principles for assigning carrying capacity. We then characterized all method applications and synthesized their results. Based on this assessment, we present recommendations to practitioners on the selection and use of existing LCA-based AESA methods, as well as ways to perform assessments and communicate results to decision-makers. Furthermore, we identify future research priorities intended to extend coverage of all components of the proposed method framework, improve modeling and increase the applicability of methods.

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